The drug Fitosporin M is needed not only for summer residents, it is also necessary for flower growers and gardeners. Not only vegetables are ill with fungal and bacterial diseases, garden and indoor ornamental plants, berry bushes and fruit trees suffer from them.
Various forms of the drug are on sale. These are substances of different structure:
The efficiency does not depend on the form. The shape only affects the duration of the cooking process. For example, powder takes longer to dissolve in water than paste, so it will take longer to prepare the working mixture.
The powder can be gray (white), it can be stored without losing its properties for a long time. The suspension must be stored at room temperature, freezing must be excluded. The suspension is intended for flower growers dealing with indoor or greenhouse ornamental crops.
Fitosporin M, according to the principle of action, belongs to the group of systemic fungicides. Purpose - to stop the active reproduction of fungi and bacteria. Diseases with which he fights, or serves as their prevention:
The list is not complete, it can be continued, there are many diseases, it makes no sense to list everything, the most common are given.
The active ingredient of the fungicide is a bacterial culture, its Latin name is Bacillus subtilis. The collection of bacteria is obtained artificially. The mechanism of action of Fitosporin is absolutely harmless to animals, humans, plants. It has a depressing effect only on harmful microorganisms and fungal spores. The vascular system of plants is the pathway through which beneficial bacteria spread.
If necessary, treat flowering and fruiting plants with fungicide M. It is not dangerous to eat berries and fruits after such treatment.
Beneficial bacteria, getting into the soil or on the leaves, plant stems, when sprayed, begin to multiply. The products of their vital activity inhibit the reproduction of the fungus, kill it. The plant, having received the support of beneficial bacteria, restores its immunity and begins to actively fight the infection itself. The result is a plant with a strengthened immune system.
The absence of toxicity is an important advantage of Fitosporin over insecticides and chemicals. Real benefits:
The fungicide can be used in any weather. The limitation for open field treatments is rain. It is recommended to carry out the treatment of any crops after the end of the rain. At least 3 hours should pass.
Powder rates for different crops are shown in Table 1.
|Culture name||Interval between treatments (days)||Fungicide rate, water rate|
|flowers (indoor, garden)||1 l - 1.5 g|
|leaves, cucumber whip||14||10 l - 10 g|
|tomato bushes||14||10 l - 5 g|
|potato bushes||10||5 l - 10 g|
|cabbage leaves||21||10 l - 6 g|
|leaves, stems of eggplant||14||10 l - 5 g|
|the soil||10 l - 5 g|
|soaking tubers, bulbs||30||0.5 l - 10 g|
|seeds - pre-sowing treatment||100 ml - 0.5 g|
|seedling roots||5 l - 10 g|
The dosage of the aqueous concentrated paste mixture is shown in table No. 2.
|Culture name||Duration of processing||Fungicide rate, water rate|
|spraying all crops||10 l - 3 tbsp. l|
|potted ornamental soil||1 l - 15 drops|
|spraying tubers, bulbs||1 tbsp - 3 tbsp. l|
|seed soaking||2 hours||0.5 tbsp - 2 drops|
|spraying ornamental flower crops||Duration of processing||1 l -10 drops|
|soaking cuttings||1 tbsp - 4 drops|
The form of the acquired biological product will depend on the way in which the aqueous mixture is prepared. It is prepared from the powder immediately before work. Powder consumption is shown above in Table 1.
The paste is recommended to be used for water mixtures, observing a ratio of 1: 2. For example, 1 tbsp. l of pasta for 2 tbsp. l of water, 100 g of a pack of paste will require 200 g of water. It should be understood that the resulting solution is very concentrated.
Its consumption rates for different types of plants are given in the corresponding table No. 2. The concentrated solution can be stored for a long time. The suspension is liquid, concentrated, it is dropped into water to obtain the desired concentration of the solution, per 1 tbsp. water requires 10 drops.
For the prevention of diseases, vegetable crops must be sprayed during the entire growing season. Prepare an aqueous mixture of the required concentration; use a garden sprayer for spraying. The intervals between treatments are given in the first table, an aqueous mixture with a volume of 10 liters will be used to process 100 m² of the ridge.
In the spring, using Fitosporin solution, the planting material (tubers, seeds) is processed. For 1 bucket of seed potatoes, a solution of about 1 liter will go. Potatoes need to be moistened in it. During the flowering period, potato bushes can be sprayed with a solution to prevent diseases.
Dip cabbage seedlings (roots) before transplanting. For 100 roots, you will need at least a liter of an aqueous solution (1 tsp of powder / 1 liter). It will take 10-12 days and cabbage leaves need to be sprayed the first time, then repeat the treatment every 10-12 days.
Tomatoes are processed at the seed stage (according to table No. 1), when transplanting seedlings into the ground (soaking the roots, Table No. 1), watering at the root 12 days after transplanting. Cucumbers need to be processed at the pre-sowing stage, soaking the seeds. During the summer, spray the stems and leaves 3 times, observing the interval indicated in the table.
Any flowers (garden, indoor) spray for prophylaxis at a given interval, diseased flowers need to be watered (1.5 g of dry powder / 1 l). The processing of greenhouse structures and soil is carried out 7-10 days before planting, the concentration of the solution is 15 g / 10 l.
When preparing the solution and using it, be careful: wear work clothes, gloves, a gauze bandage or respirator. Immediately flush mucous membranes (eyes, mouth) if liquid comes into contact with them.
Summer residents use various chemical agents, modern insecticides, stimulants, and fungicides from plant pests and to treat their diseases. Fungicide Fitosporin M is compatible with almost all, with a few exceptions.
Stimulants and Fitosporin M paste are not recommended to be combined due to the content of humic acids in the paste.
You can check compatibility experimentally. It is necessary to prepare a small volume of a solution of 2 or more agents, the appearance of a precipitate indicates incompatibility, the absence - 100% compatibility, the possibility of using it for processing plants. It is not necessary to add the fungicide to the alkaline solution, the sediment in this case is guaranteed.
Combinations with the following drugs have been tested and effective:
These combinations can be used without fear.
Store Fitosporin packages in a utility room, excluding the access of animals and children. The purchased drug can be stored for a year. Permitted storage temperature 2 to 30 ° C.
Marina, dacha in the suburbs. This season I tested Fitosporin on different crops: gooseberries, garlic, strawberries. There was a noticeable effect on the garlic bed, there were no fungal diseases. In gooseberries, the drug inhibited the development of powdery mildew, but did not destroy it. I did not notice the positive effect of the drug on strawberries, the percentage of gray rot disease did not decrease. I concluded that this remedy should be used regularly in order to prevent diseases, and use stronger drugs for treatment.
Rimma, Ufa. Fitosporin M for many years has served as the main means for the prevention of diseases. I usually buy pasta. I breed it and apply it the same day. Before planting, I treat all tuberous crops with a solution: vegetables - potatoes, flower - dahlias, every spring I spray all shrubs with a fungicide. Before planting seedlings of beds under cucumbers, tomatoes, I must spill Fitosporin.
The effect of a modern bacterial agent will be only with its systemic use. You should not expect the benefits of one-time treatments. Apply the fungicide to the main vegetable crops during the summer. observing the intervals specified in the instructions.
Fitosporin M is a systemic fungicide belonging to the class of biopesticides. It is used by gardeners in the treatment of diseases caused by fungi or bacteria: septoria, powdery mildew, rust, rot, late blight, rhizoctonia, tracheomycosis, scab, etc.
The tool is universal, in contrast to "Fitoftorin", and therefore effective for crops of different types. They can also cultivate soil and seeds. Belongs to the lowest toxicity class, does not harm the surrounding flora and fauna. The drug is used at all stages of plant development, even during the period of fruit ripening and flowering. Fungicide can be used together with other pesticides or antibiotic drugs, for example, "Fitolavin".
Fungicide "Fitosporin M" is presented in the following release forms:
The drug Fitosporin differs from all known new generation drugs. Based on the reviews left, the substance is used not only as a preventive antibacterial agent. Fitosporin is suitable for therapeutic measures in the presence of:
Seed material, rhizomes, fruit and berry crops can be processed with the working solution. All this is possible because of the ingredients. But the composition changes, since Fitosporin has different modifications (use for different crops).
In the presence of different cultures, it is recommended to use a universal preparation. The main active ingredient in all forms and types remains unchanged.
If we turn to the instructions of natural Fitosporin, it will become clear that the composition contains exclusively live spores + cells, bacteria of the 26D strain (another name for hay bacillus). This formula allows plants to become more frost-resistant, heat-resistant. Additional components include:
If there are other additives, this is indicated on the packaging. The drug works simply. In the purchased form, spores and bacteria are in the stage of suspended animation. When combined with water, they wake up and begin to actively multiply. The result is:
Thanks to this mechanism of action, Fitosporin acquired the qualities of an immunomodulator and fungicide.
Interesting fact! Gumi, or a mixture of nutrients that was part of Fitosporin, was created by simple farmers to improve the quality of fruits. The experts took this combination as a basis. Then it was improved and added to the preparation.
Before buying a product, you should familiarize yourself with it: study the composition, understand the principle of action. Then it will be much easier to decide whether the drug is suitable in a particular case or not. You also need to figure out in what forms Fitosporin is produced, which one is better.
Fitosporin contains absolutely harmless components, for which this remedy is highly valued by summer residents. The preparation contains exclusively natural substances - useful spore Bacillussubtilis, strain 26 D. They enable crops to independently cope with ailments.
The principle of operation is as follows. After spraying, the spore bacterium is activated and begins to feed. Its waste products have a detrimental effect on fungi, kill them and inhibit reproduction. Due to the fact that the immunity of the culture is increased, the likelihood of re-infection is minimized. This mechanism of action is completely harmless to plants.
Also, the drug Fitosporin does not bring any harm to humans. Therefore, they can safely process fruit trees, vegetables, berry bushes, even during the formation of ovaries and during the ripening of fruits. You can read about the preparation for plants Epin.
On sale you can find Fitosporin in three forms. They are all equally good. The only difference is that the compositions are prepared in different ways. Everyone has the right to choose the option that is most convenient for themselves.
Fitosporin-M is produced in the following forms:
Let's consider the main functions of the drug. Gardeners consider Fitosporin the most effective at the moment among the many existing low-toxic options. The effect of the use of the universal Fitosporin-M is noticeable almost immediately.
It manifests itself in the following:
The range of application of the biofungicide is quite wide: for seeds and for the treatment of adult plants. Manufacturers for different vegetables produce a special Fitosporin. For example, on sale you can find Fitosporin-M for tomatoes, Fitosporin-M for cucumbers. The only difference is that there are different micronutrients that are beneficial for a particular culture. There is also Fitosporin-M Resuscitator, which should be bought if you need to restore a tree, bush or flower after an illness, remove from a stressful state. There is also Fitosporin universal, which is suitable for the treatment of all garden and garden plants.
Correct preparation of the solution is the key to success. You must follow the instructions in the instructions. You can prepare a working solution that can be used for more than one day. You should take 200 grams of powder or paste, dilute in 400 ml of cool water. It should not have a temperature of more than 35 degrees Celsius. Otherwise, beneficial bacteria can simply die in the water. And the use of the product will not give the desired effect.
The maximum activity of living microorganisms occurs when the ambient temperature is more than + 15 degrees. For normal operation of the product, the use of hard chlorinated water is unacceptable. If it is not possible to use another one, such a liquid should be defended for at least a day.
Then chlorine can escape from its composition, and heavy salts will settle to the bottom. It is better not to use a metal container or one in which there were other feedings for the preparation of the solution. This can negatively affect the activity of the beneficial bacteria. After preparing the solution, you need to wait. This will allow the bacteria to activate. After stirring the product, cover the container with a lid. It is advised to use it after a couple of hours.
Fitosporin-M has a number of advantages over other plant protection products:
- the drug is active against a number of diseases.
- the drug is able to influence the growth of the plant.
- the drug is safe for humans and insects. So, processed berries are allowed to be consumed the next morning.
- the product is effective for any part of the treatment of the plant.
- "Fitosporin-M" softens the effect of chemicals on vegetation, and also restores the natural flora of the plant.
- the drug is suitable for use throughout the season.
- the fungicide increases the yield by about 30%.
- increases the shelf life of the fruit.
- "Fitosporin-M" has a low cost.
However, there are a number of downsides:
- "Fitosporin-M" is not compatible with fertilizers containing alkali
- active bacteria that form the basis of the drug do not tolerate direct sunlight
- the effect of the drug is not as obvious as when using chemistry
- causes some difficulties to dilute the solution, since the product does not have a dispenser
The drug is slightly toxic (hazard class 4). If it gets on the mucous membranes, it can irritate the latter. It is absolutely non-toxic for plants, it is also harmless for beneficial insects (although there are hardly any at home).
To guarantee protection against the effects of the chemical, it is recommended to carry out all work with Fitosporin with gloves. You should not smoke, eat or drink during work in order to prevent the drug from getting on the mucous membranes. If, nevertheless, the product gets on the skin, it should be washed off immediately with water. If swallowed and swallowed, drink 3-4 glasses of water, induce vomiting with a pair of fingers, then take activated charcoal.
Fitosporin M is stored dry, the temperature should be between +20 and +30 degrees (that is, the refrigerator will not work). It is important that the product is out of the reach of children and pets. The already prepared working solution can also be stored - in a dark and cool place.
Fitosporin M is a universal and safe agent for protecting indoor plants from fungal and bacterial diseases. It is these diseases that often affect plants, causing wilting and death of the latter. With the help of Fitosporin M, you can prevent disease and cope with harmful microbes, even if they have already affected the plant.