Potatoes are a healthy vegetable that grows in many gardeners. Today, there are different varieties on the market, not only of domestic selection. So, the German potato Colette has been grown in Russia for over 15 years. It is famous not only for its delicious tubers, but also for its resistance to dangerous diseases.
Colette was included in the State Register of Russia in 2002 and is recommended for cultivation in the Central and North Caucasus regions. It is also quite common in countries such as Moldova and Ukraine. Grows well in areas with cold and humid summers.
Colette potato tubers have an elongated oval shape
The plant is semi-erect with medium-sized green leaves. Corolla medium to large, reddish purple. Tubers are elongated-oval with yellow skin and light yellow flesh. Their weight varies from 66 to 125 g.
Colette potatoes have beautiful red-purple flowers
Colette is an early ripening variety: the harvest begins 45 days after full germination. In the first digging, it will be approximately 110-150 kg per one hundred square meters. After another 10 days, the harvest reaches 160-280 kg. The plant forms tubers together. The keeping quality of this potato is quite high and amounts to 92%.
A significant advantage of this variety is resistance to the causative agent of potato cancer and golden potato cyst nematode. According to the All-Russian Research Institute of Phytopathology, Colette is susceptible to late blight pathogen in tops and tubers to isolates isolated in the Moscow and Sakhalin regions.
Colette is a multi-purpose table type. Due to the starch content from 12.2 to 15.2%, the tubers do not boil over and do not lose their shape. They are used to prepare any kind of food, including potato chips.
Colette is suitable for making chips
The recommended planting pattern is 75x30 cm. This will create optimal space for the potatoes to grow. With frequent planting, the plants interfere with each other, block the sunlight, much less tubers are formed in the bush and, accordingly, the yield decreases.
Dealers often do not know the names of varieties and mislead buyers. For example, such varieties as Vineta, Colette, Scarb, Picasso and others are sold under the name Limonka.
Colette, unlike other varieties, grows in the same place for several years without losing its basic qualities. For crop rotation, in the fall, after harvesting potatoes, you can plant mustard in its place, which makes the soil extremely loose and does not require digging.
Mustard is good for crop rotation
Colette is an unpretentious variety. But on the conditions in which potatoes grow, its yield directly depends. Caring for a plant is regular weeding, loosening the soil, hilling, watering, fertilizing.
For the first time, you need to loosen the soil when the first 2-4 leaves appear, and then 1-2 more times with an interval of two weeks. This will remove weeds and enrich the soil with air. Hilling the emerging potato shoots will protect them from cold snaps. In the future, when hilling, stolons will form on the sprinkled part of the trunk, and this will increase the number of forming fruits in one bush.
For the first time, you need to loosen the potatoes when the first leaves appear
The potatoes are watered if there is no rain. At the same time, it is important to avoid waterlogging of the soil. It is good to apply root fertilization to wet soil, for example, bird droppings. It must be diluted in a ratio of 1:15, then the resulting solution should be insisted for 2 days in a warm place. You need to apply fertilizer only in the evening (1 liter per bush), without touching the foliage, in order to avoid plant burns.
Ash can also be used to feed potatoes. It is brought under each bush at the rate of 2 tbsp. l. ash at the first hilling and 50 g at the second hilling during budding. Ash can also be used to prevent late blight by pollinating the plant in wet weather (2-3 times during the flowering period, 15 g per bush).
Ash is used as fertilizer and for the prevention of late blight
You can also use chemical fertilizers, for example, Nitrofosku, Solution or Effecton. Apply them 2-3 times before flowering with an interval of 2 weeks.
Colette ripens fully usually in July. 3 weeks before the start of harvesting, potatoes are stopped to water, fertilize and process any preparations. For two weeks - the tops are cut at a level of 15 cm from the ground and the tubers are left to mature. So they will ripen faster, and their skin will get stronger. The variety is resistant to damage, so potatoes can be harvested mechanically.
If climatic conditions permit, then you can get two crops of Colette per season. There are two ways to do this:
Potatoes are dug out in sunny weather, laid out on a flat surface and dried for several days. Then it is sorted out: damaged and diseased ones are removed, and healthy tubers, weighing 50–80 grams, are selected for planting material. Only then are the potatoes removed to the basement. Colette can be stored all winter without loss of quality. The main requirement is that the storage basement must maintain a constant temperature of about + 3 ° C and be well ventilated.
Colette potatoes keep well in winter
Colette potatoes are prized for their high yield and long shelf life. And given its unpretentiousness, even a novice vegetable grower can grow Colette. If your weather conditions allow it, be sure to try two crops of these delicious potatoes.
There are more than 4 thousand varieties of potatoes in the world, about 400 are grown in Russia. To determine this variety, one should pay attention to the set of varietal properties characteristic of each species. For early harvest, gardeners prefer to grow Riviera potatoes.
Many new varieties of potatoes have been developed in Belarus. Among them are Zhuravinka potatoes, which have gained well-deserved popularity for more than 10 years of its existence.
The variety is grown by owners of small household plots and large agricultural enterprises.
High commercial properties, stability and unpretentiousness of Zhuravinka potatoes contribute to its further distribution.
The Belarusian breeders received a mid-late table variety by crossing Polish and Dutch potatoes: Ceza and Sante. Zhuravinka has been in the State Register of our country since 2005.
Suitable for growing in climatic and soil conditions in central Russia.
Based on the description of the variety, reviews and photos of those gardeners who grew Zhuravinka potatoes, we can conclude that its cultivation will provide a good harvest even in circumstances of minimal care.
They begin to dig up tubers 80-100 days after planting. 7.5 kg of potatoes are harvested from one square meter, provided that all the requirements of agricultural technology are met.
With a low agricultural background, the yield of the variety depends on the content of nutrients in the soil, a sufficient amount of precipitation and the quality of seed material.
Large potato growers receive up to 64 tons per hectare, as noted in the description of Zhuravinka. Potatoes give a good yield of marketable products - from 83 to 96% of the harvested tubers are suitable for consumption and sale.
Zhuravinka potato tubers, according to vegetable growers, can be harvested in autumn as one of the last. They are resistant to mechanical damage, which are successfully healed. The keeping quality of tubers reaches 96%. Potatoes are stored without any problem in a cool basement or cellar.
This is due to the peculiarity of the Zhuravinka potato variety. The skin of tubers with increased smoothness, so the soil does not stay on them for a long time, it easily lags behind. The possibility of contamination with soil infections is reduced.
Because of this factor, the characteristics of Zhuravinka potatoes, its tubers are well preserved and have an attractive appearance.
Attention! An interesting feature of Zhuravinka potatoes in plantings with other varieties is noted. Colorado beetles are absent in the rows of Zhuravinka.
Potatoes are grown on many farms due to a number of their benefits.
Among the disadvantages of Zhuravinka potatoes in the descriptions of the variety and in the reviews of gardeners there are the following:
Important! Since the tubers of this variety are perfectly preserved, even at the beginning of summer their taste properties are at a high level.
The appearance and structure of the flesh are excellent and the potatoes are good to eat.
Shoots of the Zhuravinka potato variety, according to the characteristics and reviews of vegetable growers, rise only up to 0.5 m. Five or six erect stems form a bush.
Shoots are quite powerful, from 6 mm to 1 cm thick. Medium-sized dense, rounded leaves slightly wavy at the edges.
The central leaf vein differs on a bright green leaf with a sharp purple tint, which is somewhat inherent in the stems.
In the inflorescences, which are formed by the last days of June, five to six purple flowers are collected. Berries on potato plants of this variety are formed extremely rarely.
The potato variety Zhuravinka produces friendly and uniform shoots two to three weeks after planting. During the first month, there is an intense vegetation of the shoots and the root system.
On the sprouting tubers, small pubescent shoots of a deep red color with a purple tint are formed. Their base is rounded, with a small top.
The yield of planting Zhuravinka potatoes directly depends on the good quality of the mother tubers. A month or a month and a half before planting, the potato tubers after storage are sorted out, those with signs of damage are discarded, and they begin to germinate. They are taken to a room with a temperature of up to 180C, where the vernalization process begins. The buds of future shoots grow on the tubers.
Before planting, the tubers are sprayed with agents against attacks of Colorado beetles: "Commander", "Prestige" or others. Their action is enough until the flowering period, but then the bushes still have to be processed.
Advice! For a better start in growth, tubers are treated with preparations that stimulate vegetation: "Zircon", "Gibbersib", "Mival".
A warning! Potato growers have a rule: the tubers are planted when the ground warms up to 70C to the depth of the palm.
It is necessary to carefully monitor the level of moisture in the soil, since the culture is sensitive to excess or lack of moisture. The crane should be watered, if there is no rain, before flowering. Water must penetrate to a depth of 20-30 cm. The earth is periodically loosened and the bushes are hilled two or three times. The first time the plants spud when they rise 15-20 cm.
In the description of Zhuravinka's potatoes, it is emphasized that moderately organic fertilizers should be applied to the areas intended for planting this variety.
The rate of application of fresh manure for heavy soils is established in the amount of 30 kg per 1 m2, for sandy soils the volume increases to 40-60 kg. Humus is taken a third less.
Mineral nitrogen fertilizers also need to be applied in a limited amount. Excess nitrogen in the soil can lead to the growth of greenery, and the tubers form small.
The culture responds positively to the presence of fertilizing. They are carried out a month after planting. Introduce 10 g of urea and potassium salt, 20 g of superphosphate per 1 m2. The second time the Zhuravinka is fed when the buds form, the next - after flowering.
On long rainy days, Zhuravinka is periodically treated for fungal diseases with the preparations Fundazol, Ridomil, Oksikhom.
In the fight against the Colorado potato beetle, special means are used, strictly following the instructions.Tubers can be damaged by bear, wireworm, scoop larvae. Appropriate drugs are also used against them.
This potato variety deserves to show interest in it and purchase tubers for planting.
Lidia Maksimovna Lyskovo We have been planting Zhuravinka for a long time. Does not degenerate, tubers are large every year. There are 10-17 pieces in a hole. We practically do not water, there is enough moisture, and we fertilize the soil in autumn with organic matter. We plant Zhuravinka because of its ability to be stored for a long time. Early varieties in spring are no longer suitable for food, they dry up, but these tubers remain juicy and tasty. For my small farm I chose the Zhuravinka variety, because they are willingly buying it. Large red tubers retain their presentable appearance for a long time.
This potato variety is planted in early spring, to a depth of 7-10 centimeters, at a distance of half a meter from each other. All care for "Veneta" consists in the constant loosening of the soil, preventing overgrowth with weeds. It should be watered between rows, and quite sparingly, since this variety does not like excessive moisture. This variety grows well even in small summer cottages.
For storage, potatoes of the "Veneta" variety are placed in nets or bags, in rooms with cool and dry air, after drying it. Basically, an ordinary basement room is perfect for storing potatoes. In order to germinate potatoes for future planting, it is enough to place them in a damp room. The sprouts, as a rule, hatch quickly enough.
Summing up, it is worth noting that both experienced gardeners and novice gardeners can easily grow the Veneta potato variety, while receiving a large and tasty harvest. We hope that our topic: "Veneta" potatoes - a description of the variety, photos and recommendations will be useful to you.
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Feedback on growing various varieties of early, ultra-early potatoes can be left in the comments.
I was advised for an early harvest of the Impala. At first, the harvest was 0.5 kg per bush, watery. After 3 weeks, the yield has grown to 1 kg and the taste has improved. I collected starches, began to boil. I dug the first bushes 2 months after planting.
Elena, Moscow region
Add Shchedryk potatoes to the list. Very cool, large tubers, no small ones. The yield is high. Very tasty, savory, although Sineglazka is still inferior. Medium early variety. Stored well.
I always grow Red Scarlet - a great variety! This year Ryabinushka and Zhukovsky were planted for trial. Liked it, I collected potatoes for seeds. The tubers are large and clean.
Igor, Ryazan region
My son's birthday is June 20, I always grow my early food potatoes for the table. Of all the varieties tested, the earliest was Zhukovsky. I put it under the spunbond as early as possible.
Dmitry Ivanovich, Yaroslavl