Your own cozy pond is the dream of any summer resident who imagines an idyllic picture with a crystal clear surface of the reflecting glare of the sun. But we must not forget that any pond quickly blooms and becomes polluted, and the question arises before the summer resident - how to clean a pond or a small reservoir? After all, only careful maintenance will guarantee you a clean, transparent pond with healthy inhabitants.
Sometimes the pollution of the reservoir can be associated with a violation of the waterproofing system. The concrete bottom or walls can crack and soil begins to enter through the cracks. The main reason for the appearance of cracks can be soil subsidence or improper composition of the concreting solution.
We eliminate the leak by sealing the cracks with a sealant in two layers - now the pond will be sealed
To eliminate this problem, you need to drain the pond, clean out the cracks and cover them with a sealant in two layers. In case of large damage, you need to clean it up and cover it up first with mastic, and then with a second layer of sealant. But such repairs are not a guarantee that the concrete base of the pond will not crack again. The surest way to fix a leak is to put in a special plastic mold.
The appearance of greenery on the surface of the reservoir becomes one of the main problems in caring for it. The water surface begins to turn green due to the growth of small algae. Algae only worsen the appearance of the reservoir, but do not harm its inhabitants. Algae removal from ponds should be carried out regularly, chemically, biologically or mechanically.
Mechanically remove algae using a rake, winding and pulling them ashore. The biological method involves planting along the banks of the reservoir of plants that contribute to shading and create unfavorable conditions for the growth of algae. The chemical method is more radical and involves the use of special substances - algicides or dyes.
Each type of drug affects a specific plant, so you can get rid of some types without affecting others.
Cleaning ponds and reservoirs with special filters is the most convenient and effective way. It is enough to put a cleaning filter with a pump and periodically clean it. Filters can be either ordinary mud filters that purify water from large debris and silt, as well as biofilters with an ultraviolet lamp, which prevent the growth of harmful bacteria and help prevent fish diseases.
The principle of operation of cleaning filters consists of suction and filtration of water through skimmers, with filtration of debris from the bottom and surface of the pond.
The filter, of course, helps out. But to use it, you need to supply electricity, and this is not always possible
And this is how you can make the filter yourself:
Do-it-yourself pond cleaning is possible using a special vacuum cleaner that collects debris both from the surface of the pond and from the bottom. The principle of operation of the vacuum cleaner consists of sucking in water, filtering through a special filter and removing already purified water through a hose from the other side.
Cleaning the pond from silt is carried out using a bottom vacuum cleaner, it resembles a conventional one, but without an internal cleaning filter. The bottom vacuum cleaner sucks water into the chamber and, when it is full, switches off automatically, the container must be emptied of silt.
Timely cleaning of reservoirs by the above methods will serve as a guarantee of the purity of the water surface and the health of its inhabitants. But if the pond is heavily contaminated, it must be freed from water, cleaned the bottom, algae and pitfalls with a hose, and then filled with clean water.
Sometimes silt can rise from the bottom, and the water in the pond darkens or takes on a dark shade, for example, due to the activity of fish or high water pressure. To prevent this, you can add special chemical compounds foculants to the water, which contribute to the sedimentation of the turbidity to the bottom of the pond.
When the water becomes cloudy due to silt, the surface of the pond takes on a brownish tint
Depending on the volume of the pond, the question of the wintering of the inhabitants is decided, in a large pond nothing threatens the fish, it is enough just to help them a little. If you have a small pond of fish, you will have to move to a home aquarium. Taking care of the pond in winter consists in pre-cleaning it from debris, preventing the entire surface of the water from freezing.
To prevent the accumulation of harmful underwater gas and the access of oxygen in the ice, it is enough to make one large hole and make sure that it does not freeze or lower a special heater, and for small ponds it is necessary to drain all the water for the winter.
An ice hole in a pond in winter will help fish and algae breathe oxygen
But when spring warm days come, it becomes necessary to put the pond in order after a long winter. It is necessary to check the wiring and the pump. Remove the mesh from the surface, if any, remove debris and clean the pond.
In the last month of spring, plants can be planted. It is more convenient to plant them in baskets or boxes; it will be enough to remove them when cleaning the pond. It is also worth feeding overwintered, weakened underwater plants with special fertilizers. A small bag of top dressing is placed in a layer of gravel under the plant.
In the spring, they begin to feed the fish as soon as they begin to rise to the surface of the reservoir. At this time, the fish are weakened, therefore, once every 2-3 days, they give dry artificial food, adding chopped worms and daphnia
All these simple activities will help you enjoy the beauty of your pond for years to come.
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Cleaning of ponds and reservoirs, carried out at regular intervals, is the most significant event in creating a comfortable landscape. Stagnant or low-flowing bodies of water require constant attention. After all, everything that gets into such sources settles in them, creating unfavorable conditions for the development of useful or necessary organisms, changing the composition of the water and the appearance of the pond or lake. In addition, small stagnant water bodies are quickly silted up and overgrown with aquatic and coastal plants. As a result, the contour of the coastline is lost, and the reservoir gradually becomes a swamp.
Conventionally, ponds can be divided into two large main groups, each of which has many varieties:
A regular pond is created using a pre-made mold. Surely you have thought out a landscape project in advance, so you already have a good idea of how a home reservoir should look like. Based on the wishes for the design of the pond, you can choose a suitable ready-made shape: they are not only correct geometric, but also more complex types: broken, asymmetrical, and so on.
A landscape pond differs from a regular one in that a ready-made form is not used during its construction. Therefore, any configuration can be given to it.
The dimensions and appearance of the reservoir can also be different: you can build a small pond in the Japanese style, the main advantage of which is simplicity, or you can give free rein to your imagination, not being limited to the standard round shape and create a large reservoir filled with various decorations.
If the reservoir holds up to 5-8 cubic meters of water, you will need a more efficient treatment system.
Such do-it-yourself filter for a summer pond can be made from a small plastic container. There should be a sealed cover on top that is securely fixed to the body.
The installation works elementary: the pump sucks water into the container, which contains the filtering component, and after that the purified liquid returns to the pond.
To make a filter you will need:
Every summer resident has a lot of this in the household, and everything else can be bought in a hardware store or in the market. The most expensive part of the installation is the water pump.
Suitable as a filtering component:
We make a cleaning device as follows:
Do not forget to clean it periodically, rinsing the filler from the accumulated sludge and dirt.
For large reservoirs inhabited by fish, the above installations will not work due to insufficient performance, but a more powerful home-made system can be made. Its cost largely depends on the filter material used and the pump power.
Filters for fish ponds differ from systems for conventional ponds in that they must retain the waste products of the inhabitants.
Therefore, the installations must be more powerful.
Structurally filter for a pond with fish from a barrel similar to the previous container system, but with larger dimensions and a powerful pump.
For purification of 50-60 cubic meters, an installation is required, consisting of:
We will use several fillers as filtering components. A plastic barrel with a lid is suitable for the case, but you can use a metal one, it will not expand when the top layer is clogged.
Also, when using a plastic barrel, you will be limited in the maximum pump power, which will affect the efficiency of the system.
To assemble a compact wastewater treatment plant, you need to do the following:
Dirty water from the pond will be supplied to the bottom of the barrel using a pump, after which it will overcome all the cleaning layers and exit through a hose from above and return to the reservoir.
To clean the filler, turn off the tap near the pump and open the drain tap. We supply water under pressure to the hose entering the barrel in the upper part and leave it for 10-15 minutes so that all impurities are washed out through the bottom.