Butia is an exotic palm tree native to South America from Brazil and Uruguay. This plant belongs to the Palm family. The palm is single and slow growing, large in size. It has a gray trunk and tough feathery leaves. As palm leaves grow, they die off, so you can see clearly visible remains on the trunk.
The most common type is butia capitate - a palm tree that received this name due to a noticeable thickening at the base of the stem. The leaves resemble an arc in shape, are located on long petioles, the length of each leaf reaches 2-4 m. On each arcuate leaf there are 80-100 pairs of xiphoid lobes, long and narrow. The length of each lobe is about 75 cm, the color is green with a shade of gray, the underside is slightly lighter. In a young plant, the leaves are covered with a felt surface, which eventually turns into thorns.
As the palm grows, the lower leaves will die off - this is a natural process, and a characteristic petiole will remain in place of the leaf, which will further give an unusual texture to the palm trunk. Butia blooms in the form of red flowers, collected in inflorescences about 1.4 m long. On one inflorescence are collected flowers of different sexes - male and female.
The ripe fruit is presented in the form of a drupe. The fruit is edible, with a wonderful aroma, juicy pulp, sweet and sour taste. Drupes are collected in brushes. The second name of the boutique is the jelly palm, as its fruits are used to make an excellent jelly for dessert. The seed shell is very hard, inside the fruit is divided into three chambers.
Most types of boutiques can easily be crossed with each other, so today you can often find hybrids rather than pure varieties.
Butea will feel as comfortable as possible under bright direct sunlight. In this case, the plant will have a lush crown, and the color of the leaves will be with a bluish tint. If the butia palm tree grows in partial shade, then the leaves will become elongated, thin, of the usual green color without a shade.
Butias are kept in spring and summer at an average air temperature of 20-25 degrees. In winter, the palm tree is kept at a much lower temperature - about 12-14 degrees, but not lower than 10 degrees. Butea needs fresh air, so the room with a palm tree is regularly ventilated.
Air humidity for growing a boutique palm should be moderate. In dry air conditions, especially during the heating season, the tips of the leaves of the boutique begin to dry out. To avoid this, the leaves should be sprayed with warm water every day. It will not be superfluous to use an indoor humidifier.
Watering the boutique should be abundant, but not too intense, since the palm tree is afraid of stagnant water in the pot. In winter, watering is significantly reduced due to low air temperatures. But it is important not to allow excessive drying of the soil. If a palm tree stays in dry ground for a long time, then its leaves will dry out and will no longer recover.
The soil for planting a palm tree should be well water and air permeable, slightly acidic - pH 5-6. The substrate is mixed from turf, leafy soil and coarse sand in a ratio of 3: 3: 1. Ready-to-use palm substrate, which can be purchased from flower shops, is also suitable. The bottom of the pot must contain a good drainage layer.
From March to September, the butia palm needs regular fertilization. The frequency of feeding is once every 2 weeks. A complex fertilizer for ornamental deciduous plants or palms is suitable.
The palm tree does not react well to transplantation, so it should be carried out no more than once every 4 years by the transshipment method, so as not to disturb and injure the roots once again. The topsoil must be renewed annually.
Reproduction of butias occurs in the only way - with the help of seeds. Before planting in the ground, the seeds are left to swell in warm water for 24 hours. It is not necessary to deeply deepen them into the ground, a layer equal to 1.5 of the grain diameter is sufficient. The container with seeds must be constantly kept at a high temperature - about 26-28 degrees. It is important to keep the soil moist. The first shoots can be observed in 2-3 months. But it happens that this period is delayed up to one year. Seedlings are planted in separate pots after 4-5 months.
Spider mites, thrips, and scale insects are often found among the pests of the butia.
Suitable for ficus Bengal, Benjamin, Binnendik, Kariki (fig), rubbery, tiny, lyre-shaped, as well as various palms - brachea, butia, washingtonia, gioforba, karyote, liviston, date, hovea, hamedorea, chrysalidocarpus.
Balanced multicomponent composition: N: P: K + Mg + TE + V + SA - nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium (6: 4: 5) + humate (0.5) + trace elements in an easily digestible form.
Highly concentrated organo-mineral fertilizer. Economical consumption: one bottle of 285 ml is enough for up to 850 irrigations.
|Type of mineral fertilizer:||Nitrogen, phosphoric, potassium|
|Seasonality of application:||Summer, autumn, spring, winter|
|Mode of application:||Root dressing, plant spraying, plant watering|
I am amazed by ornamental deciduous plants. With such a "mood" it is impossible not to notice hamedorea ... Although it is considered a palm tree, it still closely resembles a fern. such a sprawling, majestic fern .
I will not describe how to care for hamedorea - there is a lot of information on this topic on the net without me. I'll write something like observations and little tricks that came in handy for me.
The leaves of this palm grow very large (which, respectively, depends on the conditions of its residence and the stage of growth), saturated green or light green.
Hamedorea loves spraying very much! After water procedures, the air around her becomes "like after rain in the forest", it is difficult to describe such freshness.
One can safely say about this green inhabitant - unpretentious, positive and very beautiful ).
I will add a photo of what I have grown in a pot )).
P.S. I don't plan to get rid of them, the flower feels good, and they look unusual =)
Supplement five years later.
I have had Hamedorea for more than five years, transplanted it several times during this time, often adding soil.
It blooms every year, only for some reason it is always in winter (December-January).
In the photo, the palm is just in January, for the photo it was not specially washed or cut off.
The network is full of rumors that the flowering shoots of Hamedoria necessarily require cutting, they say, the flower spends too much energy on flowering and may slow down in growth or die. I believed in this, exactly until the time when I began to forget to cut off the "bloom" and you know what? But there is nothing - the plant did not die, the growth even accelerated, the palm tree became more magnificent and voluminous. This year, from January to February, I released as many as three branches and all bloomed!
When sunny days begin (late January, early February), I bathe all the plants - I put the pots in the bathroom, water from the shower and leave for 10 minutes until the excess water drains. And all the indoor flowers are delighted with this procedure, after that they look like this for a week, as if they had injected a lot of steroids))).
Since indoor flowers very quickly take over my home - every year, in addition to pots "for growth", I bring dry fertilizer in the form of pressed sticks to the checkout. Perhaps the secret of such rapid growth is in them. Or in regular water treatments.
The palm is now blooming all year round! o_O As soon as one branch blooms, two more come to replace it.
In height, the chamedorea did not add much, but in width it barely fits on the windowsill. Arrows with leaves are released regularly, I still do not cut the flowering (only already dry twigs). In the summer, by the way, she moves to the balcony - I just put her in a tray with water.
Test on the topic: "North America"
annotation: When studying "North America" students work a lot with atlases and maps, while students get acquainted with the characteristics of the continent, its states, population, flora and fauna. This work will allow you to certify students on this topic. Identify the most difficult elements of the theme. In doing this work, students must demonstrate:
* knowledge of basic geographical concepts
* the ability to use their knowledge, skills.
purpose: Determine the level of preparation of students in the subject of Geography Grade 7, topic: "North America".
Lead time work 30 minutes. The approximate time allotted for the execution of individual tasks is 1.5 minutes.
1b, 2c, 3a, 4d, 5b, 6f, 7b, 8c, 9c, 10c,
11a, 12d, 13d, 14b, 15a, 16c, 17c, 18a, 19c, 20b
Test for grade 7 on the topic: "North America".
1. The position of the mainland North America relative to the equator.
A) only in the southern hemisphere
B) most of the northern hemisphere
C) the equator crosses the mainland in the middle
D) is located only in the northern hemisphere.
2. The position of the mainland North America relative to the prime meridian.
A) completely in the eastern hemisphere
B) most of the western hemisphere
C) completely in the western hemisphere
D) most of the eastern hemisphere.
3. The northernmost river on the mainland is located on the peninsula:
4. Largest island:
5. The Canadian Arctic Archipelago is the result of:
B) floods, due to the decline of the mainland
6. what types of landforms prevail on mainland North America?
7. Of all the plains listed, select only those that relate to North America:
A) Central Plains, Appalachian Mountains, Mississippi Lowlands
B) Mississippi Lowland, Great Plain, Central Plain.
C) Amazon, Orinoco, Great Plain
D) all these named plains.
8. Highest point on mainland North America:
9. Reasons for the formation of the Cordillera mountains:
A) as a result of the action of volcanoes
B) Under the influence of glaciation
C) as a result of the collision of lithospheric plates
D) as a result of all these factors.
10. Where are the largest iron ore deposits located?
11. Which of the zones of climatic zones are absent in North America?
12. What are the reasons for the deep penetration of the Arctic air masses into the interior of the continent?
B) due to the influence of westerly winds
C) due to the influence of cold currents
D) due to the lack of mountains in the northern part of the mainland.
13. Tornado winds on the Great Plains appear:
A) under the influence of warm currents on the coasts of the mainland
B) due to the presence of mountains in the western part of the mainland
C) due to the arrival of Arctic air masses in winter from the north
D) due to the movement of tropical air masses in summer from south to north.
14. Marine air masses entering the mainland from the Pacific Ocean:
A) bring abundant moisture to the entire continent
B) the bulk of moisture is left in the western part of the Cordillera
C) do not have a strong impact on the mainland
D) bring moisture only to the southern part of the mainland.
15. The longest river in North America:
16. Name a lake other than the Great American Lakes:
17. What caused the Great Lakes Basins?
D) volcanic activity.
18. What natural area of North America covers a large area?
19. What is called prairie in North America?
20. What influences the change in the natural zones of North America, not only from north to south, but also from west to east?
|Due to the large volume, this material is located on several pages: |
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Table 7. Approximate volumes of Niruha basti, depending on age.
Table 8. Some preparations for Niruha Basti.
Sida cordial, tinosfora cordifolia and galangal galanga, Dasamula, Triphala, fruits of randia of bitter saussurea cotton.
Dasamula + Saussurea cotton fruit + sour rice porridge
Round, long pepper and Italian bristle
Hrasva Panchamula + cordifolia sida, castor-bean root, barley, dioecious trichozantes and naked pongamia + saussurea cotton fruit.
Strengthens digestion, strengthens the body and improves vision. Heals Vata dosha imbalances.
Fragrant mustard plaster, large-flowered sesbania, Italian bristle, long pepper, licorice, cordifolia, barberry, holarhena anti-dysentery, round round
Castor bean root, single-seeded butia, Hrasva Panchamula, galangal galanga, hypnotic soaring, Indian cable car, tinosphor cordifolia, diffuse burkhavia, Himalayan cedar, hollow cedar
Promotes digestion, stimulates appetite, promotes weight loss, relieves pain, balances Vata dosha, especially in the intestines.
Saussurea cotton fruit, pomegranate juice, elephant feronia
Long pepper fruits + fragrant mustard plaster
Joint imbalances of Vata dosha, Pitta dosha and blood, gout, erysipelas, etc.
Licorice, symplokos racemose, terminalia chebula, sandalwood, lotus, water lily
All Pitta Dosha imbalances.
Reticulate leptadenia, kupena wrapper, sphaeranthus indian, asparagus, roskoya procera, lily multifoliate, kishor reed, white sandalwood, pubescent pentaptera, lotus, water lily, racemose symplocos, velvet beans, tuberous puerraria
Milk, Hrasva Panchamula, Trina Panchamula, white sandalwood, lotus, trigonella fenugricum (shambhala), licorice, kupena wrapper, adhatoda officinalis, symplokos racemose, ruby cordifolia, sida cordifolia, hemedesmus Indian
Indigestion, anemia, heart disease, fever, jaundice, blood disorders.
Narrow-leaved orchis, mung bean, arrowroot, licorice, wheat, velvet beans
Grapes, licorice, sandalwood, Indian hemedesmus, gmelin tree, sweet milk
Excessive agitation of Pitta dosha, heart disease, fever in the body, head or heart, urinary disturbances.
Randia bitter fruit, barley ash, Siddha thaila, mustard oil
Brown mustard, cardamom, bitter, bitter randia
Luffa sharp-edged, cassia hollow, Himalayan cedar, pink peas, Marssedia tiny, holarhena anti-dysentery, calotrope procera, cissampelos pareira, horse peas, Indian nightshade
Imbalances in Kapha dosha, quenching the fire of digestion.
Fruit of randiya bitter, Siddha thaila
Trihozantes dioica, cissampelos pareira, Himalayan cedar, long pepper
Ashes of barley, Siddha Taila
Syt round, randia bitter, cissampelos pareira, holarhena anti-dysentery
Dasamula, Triphala, Hungarian quince, fruits of randia bitter, cow urine
Kapha dosha imbalances, anemia.
Calamus, holarhena anti-dysentery, cissampelos pareira, long pepper, Italian bristle, glomerular ficus, barberry, embelia ribes
Kalgan galanga, tinosfora cordifolia, castor oil plant, barberry, alstonia malay, zizani vetiver, Himalayan cedar, Indian azadirachta, cassia hollow, convolutions of hirata, dioecious trichozantes, cissampelos pareira, pikkoriza golangamia poultry, poultry , Dasamula, Triphala, cow urine
Worm infestations, skin diseases, diabetes, Kapha dosha imbalances.
Sida cordifolia and veronicoli, achiranthus star-shaped, velvet beans
Aphrodisiac, promotes the transformation of seven tissues, cleanses the seed
Kalgan galanga, randia bitter, Holarhena anti-dysentery, licorice, asparagus
Stiradi Panchamula, rice, barley, wheat, mung bean
Rasayana, aphrodisiac, promotes the transformation of seven tissues, cleanses the seed
Fragrant mustard plaster (24 grams)
Cow's milk (192 grams)
Kidney and urinary tract diseases, infertility, Pitta dosha imbalances. Aphrodisiac.
Fragrant mustard plaster (24 grams)
Indigestion, decreased Agni, helminthic infestations, skin diseases, Kapha dosha imbalances.
Asparagus, Roscoya Procera, Ipomoea palmata, Mung beans
Table 9. Some substances used for Nasya Karma.